ASTM A36 PDF Free Download
This specification covers carbon steel shape plates, and bars of structural quality for use in riveted, bolted, or welded construction of bridges and buildings, and for general structural purposes.
A36 is low carbon steel. Low carbon steel is classified as having less than 0.3% carbon by weight. This allows A36 steel to be easily machined, welded, and formed, making it extremely useful as a general-purpose steel.
How A36 is Made?
The manufacturing method of A36 is similar to most carbon steel.
First, the iron ore and coal are mixed in the furnace. The impurities are removed, and alloying elements are added to the molten steel.
Once it reaches the chemical composition of A36 steel, it will solidify into a rectangular ingot. A36 steel is usually hot rolled. This means that when the ingot is at a high temperature, rollers are used to shape it to its final size.
American Standard A36, the tensile strength is 58~80 Ksi (about 400~550MPa), and the yield strength is 36 Ksi (about 250MPa).
European standard S275, the tensile strength is 430~580 MPa, and the yield strength is >=275MPa.
Chinese standard Q235, the tensile strength is 370~500 MPa, and the yield strength is 235MPa.
Japanese standard SS400, the tensile strength is 400~510 MPa, and the yield strength is 245Mpa.
A36 Mechanical Property
|A36 Mechanical Property|
|ASTM A36 Hot Rolled Steel Plate|
|Tensile Strength, Ultimate||400 - 550 MPa||58000 - 79800 psi|
|Tensile Strength, Yield||250 MPa||36300 psi|
|Elongation at Break (in 200 mm)||0.2||0.2|
|Elongation at Break (in 50 mm)||0.23||0.23|
|Modulus of Elasticity||200 GPa||29000 ksi|
|Bulk Modulus (typical for steel)||140 GPa||20300 ksi|
|Shear Modulus||79.3 GPa||11500 ksi|
A36 Chemical Composition
|A36 Chemical Requirements|
|Thickness, inches||Up to 3/4"||Over 3/4" to 1-1/2"||Over 1-1/2" to 4"||Over 4"|
|Carbon, max %||0.26||0.27||0.28||0.29|
|Manganese, %||0.60 - 0.90||0.60 - 0.90||0.60 - 0.90|
|Phosphorous, max %||0.04||0.04||0.04||0.04|
|Sulfur, max %||0.05||0.05||0.05||0.05|
|Silicon, max %||0.4||0.4||0.4||0.4|
|Copper, min % when copper is specified||0.2||0.2||0.2||0.2|
A36 Appurtenant Materials
|A36 Appurtenant Materials
|Bolts||A307 Grade A|
|High Strength Bolts||A325|
|Forgings||A668 Class D|
|Anchor Bolts||F1554 Grade 36|
|ASTM A36 Carbon Structural Steel Plate Application fields|
|machinery parts||frames||fixtures||bearing plates||tanks||bins||bearing plates||forgings|
|ASTM A36 Steel Plate Fabrication Options|
|cold bending||mild hot forming||punching||machining||welding||cold bending||mild hot forming||punching|
Due to the relatively good strength, the formability of A36 steel, and the fact that it can be easily welded, it is commonly used as structural steel. It can be found in buildings, bridges, and other large-scale structures.
It is used in bolted, riveted, or welded construction of bridges, buildings, and oil rigs.
It is used in forming tanks, bins, bearing plates, fixtures, rings, templates, jigs, sprockets, cams, gears, base plates, forgings, ornamental works, stakes, brackets, automotive and agricultural equipment, frames, machinery parts.
A36 steel can be hardened using a variety of heat treatment processes including:
- Normalizing, which takes place in the range 899 °C to 954 °C
- Carburising, which takes place in the range 899 °C to 927 °C
- Hardening, which takes place in the range 788 °C to 816 °C
- Stress-relieving, which takes place in the range 677 °C to 927 °C
ASTM A36 is a structural quality mild carbon steel. Its strength, formability, and excellent welding properties make it suitable for a large variety of applications, including welding, fabricating, and bending.